National Convention


National Convention
   (NC)
   The constitution-drafting body established by the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) in 1992. According to SLORC Announcement No. 1/90, a transfer of power from the military regime to a civilian government cannot occur until a new constitution is promulgated. The NC, consisting of 702 delegates, met in plenary session for the first time on January 9, 1993. Delegates included 99 members of political parties that had participated in the General Election of May 27, 1990, including the National League for Democracy, and appointed delegates drawn from six other groups: ethnic nationalities, peasants, workers, intellectuals, civil servants, and "other invitees." In November 1995, Aung San Suu Kyi withdrew members of the National League for Democracy from the NC, protesting its undemocratic procedures. When Prime Minister Khin Nyunt announced a "road map" for democratization following the "Black Friday" Incident of May 30, 2003, one of the first goals was completion of the new constitution. On May 17, 2004, the NC reconvened near Hmawbi, outside of Rangoon (Yangon). Over 1,000 delegates attended, but there were doubts about whether it could draft a basic law that would be considered legitimate, not only because the National League for Democracy refused to participate (Daw Suu Kyi was again under house arrest), but also because six ethnic armed groups that had signed cease-fires with the post-1988 military regime, including the Kachin Independence Army/Organization and the New Mon State Party, recommended that the draft constitution be amended to reduce the Tatmadaw's role in politics, a proposal Khin Nyunt flatly rejected. Just as in the 1993-1996 period, no opposition party now has a role in the work of the organizing committee. Although the NC has published a detailed outline of a proposed new constitution, it had not produced a final constitutional draft as of mid-2005. Reasons for the delay seem to include a desire on the part of the military regime to postpone transition to a civilian government and difficulties in working out constitutional arrangements between the central government and armed ethnic minority groups living in the border areas.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Convention — This article is about the legislative body and constitutional convention during the French Revolution. For the presidential nominating convention in the United States, see United States presidential nominating convention. The Convention redirects …   Wikipedia

  • National Convention — Die Nominierungsparteitage (National Convention) gehören zu den Höhepunkten des Wahljahres in den USA. Bei diesen nationalen Parteitagen, die traditionell im Sommer stattfinden, stimmen die Delegierten der Bundesstaaten über den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Convention — 1. Fr. Hist. the legislature of France 1792 95. 2. U.S. Politics. a convention held every four years by each of the major political parties to nominate a presidential candidate. * * * French Convention Nationale Governing assembly (1792–95) of… …   Universalium

  • national convention — noun : a convention of a political party usually composed of delegates chosen by state primaries or conventions and meeting primarily to nominate candidates for president and vice president and to adopt a platform the supreme organ of the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • national convention — noun A meeting of the major figures in a political party to outline a party platform, set party rules, select a nominee for president as well as rally supporters …   Wiktionary

  • NATIONAL CONVENTION —    the revolutionary assembly of France, consisting of 749 members chosen by universal suffrage, which on 22nd September 1792 supplanted the Legislative Assembly, proclaimed the Republic, and condemned Louis XVI. to the guillotine; in spite of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • national convention — conference in which people or representatives from throughout a particular nation gather to debate (or vote, etc.) on a particular issue …   English contemporary dictionary

  • National Convention — /næʃnəl kənˈvɛnʃən/ (say nashnuhl kuhn venshuhn) noun French History the longest of the revolutionary assemblies, lasting from September 1792 to October 1795 …   Australian English dictionary

  • National Convention Party (Ghana) — National Convention Party Leader George Hagan Founded 1992 Dissolved 1996 Merged into Convention People s Party with People s Convention Party …   Wikipedia

  • National Convention Center — or National Convention Centre may refer to: Olympic Green Convention Center, Beijing National Convention Centre Canberra, Australia Gaylord National Convention Center Queen Sirikit National Convention Center Vietnam National Convention Center… …   Wikipedia